释义 n. 酚妥拉明，芬妥胺（一种肾上腺素阻滞剂）
例句 Objective: To observe the effectiveness of Phentolamine and Dobutamine treating Chronic Pulmonary heart with the serious heart failure. 目的：观察酚妥拉明与多巴酚丁胺合用对肺心病合并严重心衰的治疗效果。
作者： Sitara G. Khan
Neuronal NO synthase (nNOS) regulates blood ﬂow in resistance vasculature at rest and during mental stress.To investigate whether nNOS signaling is dysfunctional in essential hypertension, forearm blood ﬂow responses to mental stress were examined in 88 subjects: 48 with essential hypertension (42±14 years; blood pressure, 141±17/85±15 mmHg; mean±SD) and 40 normotensive controls (38±14 years; 117±13/74±9 mmHg). A subsample of 34 subjects (17 hypertensive) participated in a single blind 2-phase crossover study, in which placebo or sildenafl 50 mg PO was administered before an intrabrachial artery infusion of the selective nNOS inhibitor S-methyl-l-thiocitrulline (SMTC,0.05, 0.1, and 0.2 μmol/min) at rest and during mental stress. In a further subsample (n=21) with an impaired blood ﬂow response to mental stress, responses were measured in the presence and absence of the α-adrenergic antagonist phentolamine. The blood ﬂow response to mental stress was impaired in hypertensive compared with normotensive subjects (37±7% versus 70±8% increase over baseline; P<0.001). SMTC blunted responses to mental stress in normotensive but not in hypertensive subjects (reduction of 40±11% versus 3.0±14%, respectively, P=0.01, between groups). Sildenafl reduced the blood ﬂow response to stress in normotensive subjects from 89±14% to 43±14% (P<0.03) but had no signifcant effect in hypertensive subjects. Phentolamine augmented impaired blood ﬂow responses to mental stress from 39±8% to 67±13% (P<0.02). Essential hypertension is associated with impaired mental stress–induced nNOS-mediated vasodilator responses; this may relate to increased sympathetic outﬂow in hypertension. nNOS dysfunction may impair vascular homeostasis in essential hypertension and contribute to stress-induced cardiovascular events.