释 义 adj. 人的；人类的n. 人；人类
同根词 humanism adj. 人文主义的；人道主义的
humanly adv. 以人力；像人地；在人力所能及的范围
humanization n. 人类化；教化
humanness n. 为人，为人的资格；人性
例 句 What do you do in Human Resources ? 你在人力资源部做什么工作？
释 义 adj. 鸟的；鸟类的n. 鸟
例 句 But with much of their food gone, the avian population is down by one third. 但由于他们的食物消失了，鸟类的数量也减少了三分之一。
释 义 n. [内科] 流行性感冒（简写flu）；家畜流行性感冒
例 句 Influenza is one of these general viruses. 流感是其中的一个普通的病毒。
作者： Park YH
期刊：J. Infect. Dis.
Influenza viruses must utilize host factors to complete their lifecycle. Species-specific differences in host factors between birds and mammals mean that avian influenza viruses (AIVs) replicate well in avian hosts but not in human hosts. Acidic nuclear phosphoprotein 32 family member A (ANP32A) has been identified as the host restriction factor for the viral polymerase (vPol) activity of AIVs. ANP32A belongs to the conserved ANP32 family, the functional roles of which during viral replication remain unclear. Here, we targeted chicken ANP32A using CRISPR/Cas9-mediated genome editing to examine the functional roles of ANP32A and other members of the ANP32 family. We found that each chicken and human ANP32 family member had different effects on vPol activity, suggesting that species-specific vPol activity of AIVs could be caused by the differential functions and overall competency of ANP32 family members.