释 义 n. 特布他林；间羟舒喘宁；间羟叔丁肾上腺素
例 句 A recent study conducted at Duke University illustrated the risk of terbutaline to infants. 最近杜克大学一项研究说明了特布他林对婴儿的危害。
作者： Nanna Krogh
期刊：Med Sci Sports Exerc
Elite athletes have a higher prevalence of asthma and exercise induced bronchoconstriction than the general population. Beta 2-adrenoceptor agonists (β 2-agonists) are considered first-line treatment of asthma to relieve bronchoconstriction. Therefore, β 2-agonists are commonly used by elite athletes, making them among the most used drugs in competitive sports. Given potential health risks and performance-enhancing effects of β 2-agonists, their use is restricted by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA). As of 2016, all β 2-agonists are prohibited, except therapeutic inhalation of salbutamol, salmeterol and formoterol. Terbutaline, which is commonly prescribed in Northern Europe, on the other hand, is prohibited, unless the athletes acquire a therapeutic use exemption (TUE) for inhalation in therapeutic doses pro re nata. Nevertheless, 4% of all adverse analytical findings in doping cases in 2014 where attributed to β 2 -agonists, with terbutaline accounting for 76%.