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首页 > 医学词汇大全 > viral pneumonia
viral pneumonia

呼吸

关键词呼吸 疾病 肺部炎症

词汇介绍

拓展阅读

解析

viral   /'vaɪrəl/

       adj.病毒性的

      viral hepatitis 病毒性肝炎

               viral myocarditis 病毒性心肌炎

       The viral sickness is one of the world's most destructive diseases of livestock. 这种病毒性疾病是世界上最有破坏性的家畜类疾病之一。

 

pneumonia   /nʊ'monɪə/

       n. 肺炎

同根词   pneumonic adj.肺的;肺炎的

       I have recovered from the pneumonia. 我的肺炎已经痊愈了。

概述

疾病概述 病毒性肺炎是由上呼吸道病毒感染向下蔓延所致的肺部炎症。免疫功能正常或抑制的个体均可罹患。大多发生于冬春季节,暴发或散发流行。近年来,新的变异病毒不断出现,产生暴发流行,如SARS冠状病毒,H5N1、H1N1病毒等。密切接触的人群或有心肺疾病者容易罹患。婴幼儿、老人、原有慢性心肺疾病者或妊娠妇女,病情较重,甚至导致死亡。致病因素或病理机制常见病毒为甲、乙型流感病毒、腺病毒、副流感病毒、呼吸道合胞病毒和冠状病毒等。免疫抑制宿主为疱疹病毒和麻疹病毒的易感者;骨髓移植和器官移植者易患疱疹病毒和

Epidemiology of Viral Pneumonia复制标题

病毒性肺炎流行病学

发表时间:2017-03-12

影响因子:3.5

作者: Seema Jain

期刊:Clin Chest Med

Among the 2259 adults enrolled in the EPIC study with clinical and radiographic pneumonia who had specimens available for bacterial and viral diagnostic testing, a pathogen was detected in 853 (38%) with one or more viruses in 530(23%), bacteria in 247 (11%), bacteria and viruses in 59 (3%), and a fungal or mycobacterial pathogen in 17 (1%). Among the 2259 adults, the most commonly detected viruses were HRV(9%), influenza A and B viruses (6%), HMPV(4%), RSV (3%), PIV (2%), CoV (2%), and AdV(1%) (Fig. 1A).3 Importantly, the incidence of pneumonia hospitalization with influenza was almost 5 times higher among adults 65 years and older than among younger adults, and the incidence of HRV was almost 10 times as high. Interestingly, the overall incidence of pneumonia hospitalization with influenza (1.5/10,000) was similar to that of pneumococcus (1.2/10,000), a well-known bacterial cause of community-acquired pneumonia.

译文

在参加EPIC临床和放射性肺炎研究的2259名成人中,有可用于细菌和病毒诊断检测的标本,在853名(38%)中检测到病原体,其中一种或多种病毒在530种(23%),247种细菌 (11%),细菌和病毒在59(3%),真菌或分枝杆菌病原体在17(1%)。 在2259名成人中,最常检测到的病毒是HRV(9%),甲型和乙型流感病毒(6%),HMPV(4%),RSV(3%),PIV(2%),冠状病毒(2%)。 和AdV(1%)(图1A).3重要的是,65岁及以上的成年人患流感的肺炎住院率几乎是年轻人的5倍,HRV的发病率几乎高出10倍。 有趣的是,流感肺炎住院治疗的总体发病率(1.5 / 10,000)与肺炎球菌(1.2 / 10,000)相似,后者是社区获得性肺炎的一个众所周知的细菌原因。