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首页 > 医学词汇大全 > bronchitis
bronchitis

呼吸

关键词呼吸 疾病 临床疾病

词汇介绍

拓展阅读

解析

bronchitis   英 /brɒŋ'kaɪtɪs/   美 /brɑŋ'kaɪtɪs/

释    义   n. [内科] 支气管炎

同根词   adj. bronchial 支气管的;bronchitic 支气管炎的;bronchoscopic 支气管镜的

               n. bronchodilator [内科][药] 支气管扩张剂;支气管扩张器

例    句   Thirteen people die every hour from illness related to smoking tobacco, such as cancer, bronchitis and heart disease. 每小时有十三人死于与吸烟有关的疾病,像癌症,支气管炎,心脏病。

概述

支气管炎是指气管、支气管黏膜及其周围组织的慢性非特异性炎症。支气管炎主要原因是病毒和细菌的反复感染形成了支气管的慢性非特异性炎症。气温下降、呼吸道小血管痉挛缺血、防御功能下降等可促进致病;烟雾粉尘、污染大气等慢性刺激也可发病;吸烟使支气管痉挛、黏膜变异、纤毛运动降低、黏液分泌增多,均可促进感染;过敏因素也有一定关系。鉴别诊断  多种急性感染性疾病如肺结核、肺脓肿、支原体肺炎、麻疹、百日咳、急性扁桃体炎等、以及鼻后滴流综合征、咳嗽变异性哮喘、胃食管反流性疾病、间质性肺疾病、急性肺栓塞

Viral bronchiolitis.复制标题

病毒性细支气管炎。

发表时间:2017-01-14

影响因子:59.1

作者: Florin TA

期刊:Lancet

Acute bronchiolitis, a viral infection of the lower respiratory tract, is one of the most substantial health burdens for infants and young children worldwide. Respiratory syncytial virus is the most prevalent viral cause of bronchiolitis in infants. Estimates suggest that about 34 million new cases of lower respiratory infection due to respiratory syncytial virus occur globally in children younger than 5 years, with 3·4 million admissions to hospitals and about 199 000 deaths per year, predominantly in the developing world. In developed countries such as the USA, bronchiolitis is the most common reason for admission to hospital in the first 12 months of life, accounting for approximately 100 000 infant admissions annually. Although admissions to hospital have declined from 2000 to 2010, emergency department visits have increased, in addition to increased use of mechanical ventilation and hospital charges.

译文

急性细支气管炎是下呼吸道的病毒感染,是全世界婴儿和幼儿最重要的健康负担之一。 呼吸道合胞病毒是婴儿中细支气管炎最常见的病毒原因。 据估计,5岁以下儿童全球约有3400万新发呼吸道合胞病毒引起的下呼吸道感染病例,每年有3 400万人入院,约199 000人死亡,主要发生在发展中国家。 在美国等发达国家,毛细支气管炎是出生后头12个月入院的最常见原因,每年约有10万名婴儿入院。 虽然从2000年到2010年入院的人数有所下降,但除了增加使用机械通气和住院费用外,急诊部门的访问量也有所增加。