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fiberoptic bronchoscopy

呼吸

关键词呼吸 诊断方式 疾病检测方法

词汇介绍

拓展阅读

解析

fiberoptic  

       光纤的,纤维光学的

       ENDOSCOPE - A flexible instrument containing fiberoptic bundles and a light source used by physicians to examine the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum. 内窥镜——一种柔软的器具,包括光导纤维束和光源,内科医师用来检查食道,胃,和十二指肠。

 

bronchoscopy  /brɔŋ'kɔskəpi/

       n. [耳鼻喉] 支气管镜检

       These procedures include: bronchoscopy, sputum intubation, endotracheal, intubation, open suctioning of airways, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and autopsies. 这样的过程包括:支气管镜检、插管吸痰术、气管检查、插管、开放式气道吸痰、心肺复苏和尸检。

概述

相关疾病老年人厌氧菌性肺炎,胆固醇肺炎,免疫缺陷者肺炎,农民肺,肺组织细胞增生症,慢性肺炎,手术后和创伤后肺炎,肺炎性假瘤,肺脓肿,肺癌检测结果的参考范围  声带活动力、色泽正常,气管及各叶段支气管开口通畅,管腔无狭窄、大小正常,表面光滑整齐,色泽正常,可有少量黏液,无脓液和血性分泌物,无新生物阻塞,无肺叶不张。临床意义纤维支气管镜检查用于以下情况:(1) 明确肺部肿块的性质。(2) 寻找可疑和阳性痰细胞的起源。(3) 顽固性咳嗽。(4) 不明原因的喘鸣。(5) 咯血及痰中带血。 (6

Quantifying Central Airway Obstruction during Therapeutic Bronchoscopy复制标题

在治疗性支气管镜检查中量化中央气道阻塞

发表时间:2017-05-07

影响因子:4.0

作者: Harris Kassem

期刊:Ann Am Thorac Soc

Central airway obstruction is commonly encountered by interventional pulmonologists and is typically managed with a multimodality approach comprising mechanical debulking, heat or cold therapy, and airway stenting when appropriate. Currently, there is no commonly accepted technique to quantify the degree of large airway luminal narrowing by bronchoscopic inspection. Preferred techniques among bronchoscopists vary considerably and are often subjective and poorly reproducible. In a recently published study, 118 pulmonologists were surveyed regarding their opinions and practices of measuring focal luminal narrowing of the central airways. Survey questions were focused on the opinions and practices of the participants regarding grading of central airway obstruction. Additionally, participants were asked to grade the degree of airway obstruction on 10 bronchoscopic images of malignant and nonmalignant airway abnormalities using a sliding scale ranging from 0 to 100%.

译文

介入性肺病专家通常会遇到中央气道阻塞,并且通常采用多模式方法进行管理,包括机械减压,热疗或冷疗以及适当时的气道支架术。 目前,没有普遍接受的技术来量化通过支气管镜检查的大气道管腔狭窄的程度。 支气管镜检查者中的优选技术变化很大,并且通常是主观的并且可重复性差。 在最近发表的一项研究中,对118名肺病学家进行了调查,了解他们对测量中央气道局灶性狭窄的观点和做法。 调查问题集中在参与者关于中央气道阻塞分级的意见和实践。 此外,要求参与者使用0至100%的滑动范围对10个恶性和非恶性气道异常的支气管镜图像上的气道阻塞程度进行分级。