释 义 光纤的，纤维光学的
例 句 ENDOSCOPE - A flexible instrument containing fiberoptic bundles and a light source used by physicians to examine the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum. 内窥镜——一种柔软的器具，包括光导纤维束和光源，内科医师用来检查食道，胃，和十二指肠。
释 义 n. [耳鼻喉] 支气管镜检
例 句 These procedures include: bronchoscopy, sputum intubation, endotracheal, intubation, open suctioning of airways, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and autopsies. 这样的过程包括：支气管镜检、插管吸痰术、气管检查、插管、开放式气道吸痰、心肺复苏和尸检。
作者： Harris Kassem
期刊：Ann Am Thorac Soc
Central airway obstruction is commonly encountered by interventional pulmonologists and is typically managed with a multimodality approach comprising mechanical debulking, heat or cold therapy, and airway stenting when appropriate. Currently, there is no commonly accepted technique to quantify the degree of large airway luminal narrowing by bronchoscopic inspection. Preferred techniques among bronchoscopists vary considerably and are often subjective and poorly reproducible. In a recently published study, 118 pulmonologists were surveyed regarding their opinions and practices of measuring focal luminal narrowing of the central airways. Survey questions were focused on the opinions and practices of the participants regarding grading of central airway obstruction. Additionally, participants were asked to grade the degree of airway obstruction on 10 bronchoscopic images of malignant and nonmalignant airway abnormalities using a sliding scale ranging from 0 to 100%.