pneumonia 英 /njuː'məʊnɪə/ 美 /nʊ'monɪə/
释 义 n. 肺炎
同根词 adj. pneumonic 肺的；肺炎的
例 句 You have diagnosed an infant or child with pneumonia. How do you decide if they need admission? 你刚刚诊断一个婴儿或儿童患有肺炎。如何决定患儿需不需要住院治疗？
作者： Wong Darren
期刊：Clin. Microbiol. Rev.
The two most common clinical manifestations of A. baumannii are nosocomial pneumonia and bacteremia. Nosocomial pneumonia occurs as a result of aspiration. In particular, the presence of an endotracheal tube creates an ideal nidus for the environmental transmission of Acinetobacter, which avidly adheres to plastic and can establish biofilms on the tube . Aspiration of droplets of Acinetobacter directly into the alveoli of mechanically ventilated patients circumvent natural host barriers, allowing for establishment of infection in tissue. Similarly, A. baumannii bloodstream infections typically occur in the presence of a central venous catheter or secondarily due to extensive pneumonia, facilitating dissemination. Other well-described manifestations of A. baumannii include urinary tract infections (typically associated with urinary catheters or percutaneous nephrostomy tubes), wound infections or osteomyelitis (typically postsurgical or trauma related), endocarditis, and meningitis (typically postsurgical or in the presence of a ventriculostomy).