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首页 > 医学词汇大全 > Pneumocystosis
Pneumocystosis

呼吸

关键词呼吸 疾病 可引起肺孢子菌肺炎

词汇介绍

拓展阅读

解析

Pneumocystosis   /njuːməsɪs'təʊsɪs/

释    义   [内科] 肺孢子虫病

例    句   Artemisinin is also a promising potent drug in treatment of cancer, human parasites such as schistosomiasis, pneumocystosis and AIDS complication. 同时青蒿素也是治疗癌症、血吸虫病等人类寄生虫、肺孢子菌病、艾滋病并发症的有效药物。

概述

疾病概述 肺孢子菌病是由潜伏的肺孢子菌,在机体免疫抑制或受损时大量繁殖,破坏肺泡细胞,引起间质性肺炎即肺孢子菌肺炎。肺孢子菌肺炎尤其多见于艾滋病患者,也是其重要的致死原因;而器官移植、免疫抑制药物的广泛开展和应用,是肺孢子菌肺炎发病率上升的另一重要原因。主要临床表现为发热、干咳、进行性呼吸困难等,单纯吸氧不能缓解,经对因治疗后可迅速恢复。 致病因素或病理机制肺孢子菌为毒力较弱,生长缓慢。健康人感染后多无病理损伤,且多呈隐性感染,只有在机体免疫功能缺陷或低下的患者才可能发生显性感染。目前

Potential of Minimally Invasive Tissue Sampling for Attributing Specific Causes of Childhood Deaths in South Africa: A Pilot, Epidemiological Study.复制标题

微创组织取样对南非儿童死亡的特定原因进行归因的潜力: 一项初步的流行病学研究。

发表时间:2019-10-09

影响因子:9.1

作者: Chawana R

期刊:Clin. Infect. Dis.

Data are presented as No. (%). Main row headings indicate the underlying cause of death, with immediate causes of death below.Abbreviation: HIV, human immunodeficiency virus.a Categorized according to the United Nations Inter-agency Group on Child Mortality Estimation classification categories.b One pneumonia case had HIV lymphoid interstitial pneumonitis as a coimmediate cause of death.c This case of rotavirus gastroenteritis also had a pneumonia as a coimmediate cause of death.d The underlying conditions in infants included neonatal jaundice from other hepatocellular damage (n = 1), pneumocystosis (n = 1), and tuberculosis (n = 1). The underlying conditions in children included hepatitis A with coma (n = 2), protein energy malnutrition, unspecified (n = 1), and tuberculosis (n = 2). The underlying condition in older children included chickenpox (varicella) (n = 1).e One case of nosocomial Pseudomonas pneumonia also had nosocomial Escherichia coli meningitis as a coimmediate cause of death; the immediate cause of death in this case is recorded as meningitis.f This case of congestive heart failure also had congenital hypoplasia and dysplasia of the lung as a coimmediate cause of death.g This case of nosocomial Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia also had nosocomial disseminated herpes simplex virus infection as a coimmediate cause of death.

译文

数据以编号(%)表示。主行标题指明了潜在的死亡原因,而直接的死亡原因在下面。缩写:HIV,人类免疫缺陷病毒。a根据联合国机构间儿童死亡率估计类别分类类别进行分类。b 1例肺炎病例以HIV淋巴性间质性肺炎为直接死因。c该例轮状病毒肠胃炎也有肺炎作为直接死因。d婴儿的潜在疾病包括其他肝细胞损害引起的新生儿黄疸(n = 1),肺囊肿(n = 1)和肺结核(n = 1)。儿童的潜在疾病包括昏迷的甲型肝炎(n = 2),未明确说明的蛋白质能量营养不良(n = 1)和结核病(n = 2)。大龄儿童的潜在疾病包括水痘(水痘)(n = 1)。e 1例医院内假单胞菌肺炎也有医院内大肠杆菌脑膜炎作为共同的死因;在这种情况下,直接的死亡原因被记录为脑膜炎。f此例充血性心力衰竭还伴有先天性肺发育不全和肺发育不良,这是导致死亡的直接原因。g此例医院内金黄色葡萄球菌肺炎也有医院内弥散性单纯疱疹病毒感染,是引起死亡的直接原因。